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Comprehensive Eye Exams

Comprehensive Eye Exams


A comprehensive eye examination includes more than just a vision test. It is a complete and thorough examination of eye function and health. Whether you have the need for corrective lenses or not, eye examinations should be part of your personal health and wellness program. Especially because many eye complications come without obvious signs or symptoms. Without a comprehensive examination, potentially dangerous conditions may go undiagnosed for years–turning a minor health problem into a major issue. At The Eye Doctors, we provide comprehensive eye exams for both children and adults to ensure that the whole family receives proper eye care.

What is Covered during a Comprehensive Eye Exam?

Seeing our Doctors in Tampa or Newport Richey for a comprehensive eye exam can be compared to seeing your general physician for a checkup. You may not be exhibiting any concerning symptoms, but the doctor will be able to ask the right questions and perform the appropriate tests to rule out any problems. Similarly, our doctor will ask additional questions and perform general examinations to rule out any vision or eye-related health complications.

  • A patient history will help the doctor detect any general health problems, medications, work or environmental hazards that might affect your vision. For the most complete overview the doctor may also ask questions about previous eye health issues and the health of your family members.
  • Reading charts are used to test your visual acuity—your ability to read both from a distance and at close range. Visual acuity is measured in fractions such as 20/20. Other eye tests include:
  • Keratometry – measuring the curvature of the cornea
  • Refraction – to determine the correct lens power needed to compensate for any vision deficits such as farsightedness
  • Focus and Movement – assessing if the eyes move and focus in unison
  • Tonometry – Measuring eye pressure to help identify risk of glaucoma
  • A visual examination of the cornea, retina, lens, eye lid, surrounding eye tissue can reveal any number of eye-health and general health problems

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The health of your eyes says a lot about your overall health. In fact, our doctor can diagnose a number of general health problems through a comprehensive eye exam, including:

  • Brain tumors
  • Cancer
  • Cardiac disease
  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Jaundice
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Sickle Cell anemia
  • Spondylitis

Although an eye doctor cannot treat the above disorders, identifying symptoms during an eye exam can lead to earlier detection and successful treatment. When your comprehensive eye exam is complete, our doctor can refer you to a specialist, provide medical resources or fit you for corrective lenses as appropriate. No one is too young or too old for a comprehensive eye exam.

Eye chart

Regardless of your age or physical health, it’s important to have regular eye exams.

During a complete eye exam, your eye doctor will not only determine your prescription for eyeglasses or contact lenses, but will also check your eyes for common eye diseases, assess how your eyes work together as a team and evaluate your eyes as an indicator of your overall health.

A comprehensive eye exam includes a number of tests and procedures to examine and evaluate the health of your eyes and the quality of your vision. These tests range from simple ones, like having you read an eye chart, to complex tests, such as using a high-powered lens to examine the health of the tissues inside of your eyes.

Eye care experts recommend you have a complete eye exam every year to assess your risk for potentially damaging eye conditions, as well as to keep on top of any changes in vision you may be experiencing.

Children. Some experts estimate that approximately 5% to 10% of pre-schoolers and 25% of school-aged children have vision problems. According to the American Optometric Association (AOA), all children should have their eyes examined at 6 months of age, at age 3 and again at the start of school. Children without vision problems or risk factors for eye or vision problems should then continue to have their eyes examined at every year throughout school.

Children with existing vision problems or risk factors should have their eyes examined more frequently. Common risk factors for vision problems include:

  • premature birth
  • developmental delays
  • turned or crossed eyes
  • family history of eye disease
  • history of eye injury
  • other physical illness or disease

The AOA recommends that children who wear eyeglasses or contact lenses should have their eyes examined at least every 12 months or according to their eye doctor’s instructions. Read more about Pediatric Eye Exams.

Adults. The AOA also recommends an annual eye exam for any adult who wears eyeglasses or contacts. If you don’t normally need vision correction, you still need an eye exam every year. Doctors often recommend more frequent examinations for adults with diabetes, high blood pressure and other disorders, because many diseases can have an impact on vision and eye health.

If you are over 40, it’s a good idea to have your eyes examined every one to two years to check for common age-related eye problems such as presbyopia, cataracts and macular degeneration. Read more about Vision After 40.

Because the risk of eye disease continues to increase with advancing age, everyone over the age of 60 should be examined annually. Read more about Vision After 60.